I am interested in understanding the different ways that ancient farming communities were organized. In the Southwest, archaeologists have interpreted the change from pithouses to pueblos as a fundamental change in the organization of communities. Pithouses were built by digging into the ground to make the walls and floors. Pueblos were built above ground and have connecting walls.

The Homol’ovi area is unusual because pithouses were the preferred form of house until the early 1200s.  In other areas of the northern Southwest, pueblos became the dominant type of house by around 1000 A.D.  Homol’ovi pithouse may have also been used at the same time that the first pueblo was built in the area.  As a result, the Homol’ovi area offers the opportunity to test archaeologists’ ideas about the organization of pithouse and pueblo communities at roughly contemporaneous sites, rather than sequentially occupied sites — the approach taken by most other analyses.  To examine the similarities and differences at 12th and early 13th century A.D. pithouse and pueblo communities at Homol’ovi, I am comparing information from two sites: AZ J:14:36 and Creswell Pueblo.

You can read about our excavations at these two sites by clicking on the “Fieldwork” tab.  The link below will tell you about the on-going analysis of the artifacts from the two sites. 

artifact analysis


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